Category Archives: Character Analysis

Maritornes (The Inn’s Scullery Maid)

henri tanoux una maritornes francia 1892

Maritornes’s Job DescriptionMaritornes is a tavern scullery maid whose main source of income is cleaning up after travelers. Basically, her job is to wash the dishes; remove the crockery; lay table settings; do the laundry; change bedding; sew clothing;
clean the attic; clean bedrooms; feed the animals; and replenish the water trough.  Besides these duties, Maritornes supplements her income, a bit, by prostituting herself to muleteers.   

Maritornes’s Mental Qualities– Though Maritornes has very little formal education; she is shrewd in the ways of the world. 

Maritornes’s Physical Appearance– Maritornes has broad jowls, a flat-backed head, a pug nose, is blind in one eye and cannot see very well with the other.  Posturewise, Maritornes is stoop shouldered, since she has a slight hump in her back, which makes her look down at the ground more often than she would like. Despite her physical flaws, however, she has a very firm and shapely body, which offsets her unattractiveness, a bit.  Heightwise, she is rather short:  less than five feet tall.  

Maritornes’s Bad BreathSometimes, when Maritornes does not brush her teeth, she has bad breath.  For example, when she stumbles around a starlit barn her mouth reeks of stale piccalilli[EG1] :  Evidently, the leftovers of past meals rot her breath at times. 

Maritornes’s Honesty– When Maritornes “promises something [she] always keeps her word, even if she gives it unwitnessed in the middle of a moor.”     

Maritornes’s Believes She Is A Hidalga– Though Maritornes is a mere housemaid at an inn, she prides herself on being a Hidalga, or a Spanish noblewoman of the lowest rank.  In fact Maritornes does
not consider it dishonorable to serve at an inn, because she thinks that unhappy events have reduced her to her current situation, despite being born in somewhat better circumstances. 

Maritornes’s Kindness– At times Maritornes can be tender-hearted. For example, seeing that Sancho Panza is hot and frustrated and out of sorts after being blanket tossed, Maritornes comes to his rescue with a jug of cool water from a deep well.  However, when Sancho Panza wants wine instead of water, Maritornes is very happy to oblige, even paying for it herself. 

Maritornes Ties Don Quixote’s Hand – Maritornes tricks Don Quixote to pass the time listening to his funny speech about Dulcinea. Therefore, she pretends that the innkeeper’s daughter is so taken with Don Quixote that she would like his hand in token of her esteem and affection. When Don Quixote obliges, Maritornes ties his hand with Dapple’s halter to a bolt in a hayloft door, so that he is caught in a rather ridiculous pose standing atop Rocinante with one hand suspended up in the air.  Then, Maritornes makes her escape in a fit of laughter, induced by Don Quixote’s loud howling.  In the morning, when Maritornes hears Don Quixote’s painful bellows, she rushes out to the barn, and unties him, so that he plops to the ground in a sprawling heap.

Maritornes’s Sexual
Escapade With A Muleteer
– In the middle of the night Maritornes
enters the attic where Don Quixote, Sancho Panza, and a travelling Muleteer sleep.  Hunched-up in silence Maritornes creeps forward with her arms held out in front of her in search of her client.  But when she bumps into Don Quixote’s arms by mistake, he seizes her by the wrist and pulls her towards him and makes her sit on his bed.  Dismayed at seeing herself in Don Quixote’s clutches, Maritornes struggles to break loose of his iron
grip.  This imbroglio causes the muleteer to creep up to Don Quixote’s bed and “deliver such a punch to his lantern jaw that his mouth begins to stream blood.” Since Don Quixote’s rickety bed cannot bear the weight of Don Quixote, the Muleteer, and Maritornes, together, at once − the trio “crashes to the ground.”
Awakened by this noise the innkeeper rushes to the tavern’s attic calling out to Maritornes:  “Where are you, you little tart?  I know this is all your doing.”  During this commotion Maritornes falls on top of Sancho Panza who is woken-up from a nightmare in which he is battling some insolent knight.  Thinking that he is under attack, Sancho Panza begins to flail about and punches Maritornes several times with his fists. Maritornes, seeing herself so rudely treated, throws all modesty aside and begins to grapple and wrestle with Sancho Panza in the “funniest and fiercest skirmish imaginable.”  This rowdy brawl continues until a member of the Holy Brotherhood of Toledo enters the fray commanding the combats to stop fighting in the name of the law.  Since it is dark, this peace-officer grabs Don Quixote’s beard, even though he is unconscious, and yanks on it to get him to stop fighting.  But when Don Quixote does not budge, the peace officer, thinking that Don Quixote has just been murdered, commands everyone to stay where they are because a man has just been killed.  This ultimatum scares Maritornes, which causes her to stop fighting Sancho Panza. 

Maritornes is From Asturias– Maritornes comes from Asturias, which is a region in north-west Spain, whose inhabitants have a reputation for being wild and uncouth. 

Maritornes’s Opinion of Don Quixote– Maritornes is greatly confused by Don Quixote’s high-flown language, since she is not used to such sophisticated talk.  Therefore, when Don Quixote delivers a variety of set pieces about knight errantry, Maritornes wonders why he is not like normal men.  When she discovers that Don Quixote is possessed by the fantasy that he is a knight adventurer, Maritornes asks him about chivalry and knight errantry to learn more about his odd fancy. 

Maritornes’s Appeal
to Don Quixote To Protect the Innkeeper
– When two muleteers
try to leave an inn without paying, the innkeeper asks them for his money as they sidle out the door, yoking them up by their collars for good measure. To free themselves from the innkeeper’s iron hold, the muleteers pound the tavern owner with their fists, until he is black-and-blue all over.  This, in turn, prompts Maritornes to ask Don Quixote to fight to get the money owed to the innkeeper, even if this countermands the rules of knight errantry. Despite Maritornes’s blandishments, however, Don Quixote does not intercede on the Inn Keeper’s behalf because he thinks he
must first win back Dorotea’s Kingdom.   

Maritornes’s BedroomMaritornes sleeps in a garret above the inn.    


 [EG1]Piccalilli- A
pickle relish consisting of chopped vegetables with mustard, vinegar, and
spices.

Altisidora (Character Analysis)

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Altisidora (The Girl Infatuated With Don Quixote)

Altisidora Serenades Don Quixote From A Garden Courtyard– One night, when Don Quixote stays at the Duke and Duchess’s country house, he finds it so hot in his room that he opens a window to create a refreshing breeze.  When he opens his window he is startled to hear people talking in the courtyard below him loud enough for him to overhear.  One of these voices belongs to a beautiful 14-year-old maiden named Altisidora who confides to her best friend Emerencia that she loves Don Quixote.  This is why Altisidora says that “ever since she entered the castle and her eyes alighted on Don Quixote she feels ready to weep for him. ” In response, Emercia encourages Altisidora to sing a sonnet to Don Quixote professing her love for him.  Seeing that Don Quixote’s window is now open, Emerencia tells Altisidora to voice her love for the “lord of her heartand the rouser of her soul“―by singing a romantic sonnet for him.  At first, Altisidora is reticent to sing her sonnet claiming that not only is the Duchess a light sleeper, who may be disturbed by her voice, but also she does not want to reveal the secrets of her heart through song, mainly because she does not want to be considered “a fickle and flighty maid by those who do not know about the mighty force of love within her.”  Despite these objections, though, Altisidora decides to serenade Don Quixote. Therefore, in the next moment, Don Quixote hears the gentle tones of a harp being tuned, which instantly calls to his mind “similar adventures in chivalry books about windows and grilles and gardens and serenades and sweet nothings and fainting fits.  Due to his excessive excitement for chivalry books, Don Quixote immediately assumes that one of the Duchess’s maidservants is in love with him and that her modesty forces her to keep her passion a secret.  To let Altisidora know that he is there, Don Quixote pretends to sneeze so that she can commence her ballad with comfort.After Altisidora runs her fingers over her harp strings to warm them up, and after she sings a song about how Don Quixote is the bravest and the best of knights that La Mancha ever bore, Altisidora says that though she cannot contend with Dulcinea’s beauty and poise, she would love to be held in Don Quixote’s arms, or sit by his bed, or caress his hair, or massage his feet. 

Altisidora Pretends To Faint– Off put by Don Quixote’s refusal to be won over by her romantic ballad, the next morning, Altisidora pretends to faint at Don Quixote’s feet, as our knight swaggers into a great hall to meet the Duke and the Duchess.  To revive Altisidora from her love-sick swoon, her best friend, Emercia, takes her into her lap and begins to unlace her bodices, dashing cold water on her face to revive her.  This ploy is designed to solicit Don Quixote’s concerned attention so that a romantic connection can grow between him and Altisidora.  Instead of drawing Don Quixote’s sympathies, though, this charade causes him to sing a ballad about fickle lust. 

Altisidora’s Physical Appearance– In her ballad, Altisidora describes herself as straight legged and not lame, with arms that are very sound, with a flat nose, an aquiline mouth, and teeth that look like the very best topaz.  To complete her physical sketch, Altisidora says that she wears her hair in Lilly white tresses that are so long that they trail on the ground. 

Altisidora Bandages Don Quixote Nose After A Cat Clings to His Face– After a cat tears at Don Quixote’s nose with its sharp claws, Altisidora bandages his face with the oil of hypericum saying that what got him into this trouble in the first place was his sinful callousness, his hard heartedness, and his stubborn obstinacy.  

Dapple (Sancho Panza’s Donkey)

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Dapple’s Physical and Mental Qualities– In general, Dapple is a highly strung, jittery donkey that is frightened easily.

Dapple’s InjuriesThe first instance of Dapple’s injuries comes when he is pelted by a hailstorm of rocks thrown by a group of recently freed convicts.  So intense is the unprovoked stoning, that Dapple hears concussion aftershocks in his head throughout the day.  Again, when Sancho Panza and Dapple fall in a hole together, his Donkey is so bruised and battered by the gravity drop that he moans and groans in pained and piteous tones. 

Dapple’s Gait When Sancho Panza and Don Quixote ride a wooden steed that the Duke and the Duchess of Aragon pretend can fly, Sancho Panza claims that though his donkey cannot sprout wings and soar as Clavileno the Swift can, for a smooth and easy ride, his dun is unparalleled, on land, as a first rate ambler. 

Sancho Panza’s Relationship with DappleSancho Panza often talks to dapple when he is traveling.  In fact, Sancho Panza values Dapple’s company so much that when his donkey is stolen by a picaroon named Gines de Pasamonte, Sancho Panza is grieved to the depths of
his soul, sometimes waking Don Quixote with his doleful laments of sorrow.  In fact he waxes poetic, in his simple rustic way, by calling Dapple the child of his bowels, a treasure to his children, a delight to his wife, the ease of his burdens
a source of well-needed income since his Donkey earns him twenty-six maravedis a day, a sum that covers half his daily expenses.  During his travels Sancho Panza even caresses Dapple as is if his mule is a human being.  He hugs his Dun, gives it kisses on its forehead and even feels pangs of conscience when he leaves his donkey alone.  Even though Sancho Panza is offered a faster, swifter, horse, twice, Sancho Panza insists that he will not trade Dapple for sir Lancelot’s trusty steed itself.  Since Dapple is the light of Sancho Panza’s life, he beseeches the Duchess to make sure his donkey is adequately fed and stabled at the Duke’s castle.  Indeed, when Sancho Panza first reaches the Duke and Duchess’s country seat, he feels such pangs of conscience at leaving his donkey all by itself that he asks a venerable household duenna to kindly take his ass to the stables herself, since it is a rather jittery animal, and will not feel happy on its own.  So great is Sancho Panza’s fondness for his donkey that he asks Dona Rodriguez to stable Dapple, since, he thinks that there isn’t any kindlier person to entrust his valued ass to than Duchess’s Doyenne.  Later, when Sancho Panza goes hunting with the Duke, the Duchess, and Don Quixote, he does not dismount Dapple to take position to ambush a boar by a game trail, since he does not want his precious donkey to be gored.  In reciprocity, when Sancho Panza dangles head down from an evergreen oak during this scene, his dun sticks beside him, and refuses to abandon him in his plight. In fact, people are so used to seeing Sancho Panza and Dapple riding together as one that they are dubbed the inseperables.  At times Sancho Panza even rides his ass as if he is a conquering patriarch.  For example, when he travels to a hypothetical town called Barataria, he rides atop dapple in accoutrements of flaming silk.

Dapple and Sancho Panza’s FamilyDapple is so beloved by Sancho Panza’s wife, daughter, and son, that he is treated as if he is a member of their nuclear family.  For example, after Sancho Panza returns home from his second sally the first thing that Teresa Panza asks her husband is if the donkey is well, or not.  Moreover, during one of Sancho Panza’s many speeches about dapple, he describes his donkey as his children’s treasure and his wife’s delight since he was born in their very house.  

Dapple Carries Don QuixoteAfter Don Quixote is beaten to a bloody pulp by a group of muleteers he slings Don Quixote across Dapples back until he is well enough to walk on his own power.  

Rocinante (Don Quixote’s Horse)

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Appearance– Rocinante is Don Quixote’s thin and worn, overworked and underfed, nag, with corns that contort its legs, and more wrong with it than any hack you can imagine.  Decimated by consumption, Rocinante is described “as long as a wet week and as lean as a lath,” with a jutting spine, a rickety skeleton, and atrophied muscles.  In fact, Rocinante is so rough-and-ragged that an escaped picaroon named Gines de Pasamonte decides to forego stealing this creature because he thinks it would be impossible to sell, or pawn, or barter, such an emaciated hack. 

Slow Motion/Fast Motion– Since Rocinante is a sedate and phlegmatic horse, rarely does he gallop at a brisk pace, except when he has to.  For example, when Don Quixote departs Don Diego’s village he has to ask a group of students and farmers to slow down and wait for him because their she-asses move faster than his horse.  Even though Rocinante moves at a plodding, feeble, poky pace, sometimes, when afraid, he bolts across the fields, at great speed.  For instance, when he is startled by a group of playacting clowns who scare him by beating the ground with their inflated cow stomachs he races across the sierra to get away from their strange sounds.  Again, when Rocinante sees a lion’s cage open he bolts across the plains to avoid being eaten by this large cat. In conclusion, when it matters, Rocinante’s movements are so nimble, so proud, and so swift, that truly they are a sight to behold. 

Wandering Rocinante– Typically, Rocinante travels at random with no set path, going this way and that way with no rhyme or reason. For
example, when Rocinante detects his home village nearby he trots with zest towards his old haunts.  At other times, when left free to roam, he searches for green grass to eat, or water to drink, or mares to court, or a shady place to rest.  Since he plods from one spot to another to the next in a haphazard manner he takes Don Quixote
on a series of wacky adventures throughout south central Spain.  Most of the time, Don Quixote’s chosen path is none other than the way Rocinante desires to go.    

Stubbornness– Sometimes Rocinante disobeys Don Quixote’s will altogether.  For example, when Don Quixote tries to dodge a torrent of large rocks thrown by galley slaves, Rocinante does not budge one iota despite being spurred vigorously by his rider.

Klutziness– At the end of his first sally, when Don Quixote charges a group of silk merchants from Toledo, Rocinante trips and falls and sends his master rolling over the ground for twenty yards.  

Naming– To find a fitting title for his nag, Don Quixote spends four days and four nights telling himself that “the horse of such a famous knight errant, and such a fine horse in its own right, should have a name of great eminence that expresses both what his horse would have been before becoming a Knight’s horse and what it is now.”  Since Don Quixote feels that his horse should have a title that reflects a famous and much trumpeted reputation befitting the order of Knight errantryafter a long succession of names that he invents, eliminates, and strikes-out, adds, deletes and remakes, he finally decides to call his old nag, Rocinante, or, Hackafore:  a name which, in Don Quixote’s opinion, is lofty and sonorous and best expresses what the creature had been when it was a humble hack, and what it is nowthe first and foremost of all the hacks in the world.

Courtship– Since Rocinante is a male horse who feels “he must give to nature what nature naturally needs” he courts a variety of pony-mares that he encounters.  For instance, when he spots a group of phillies on a green grass meadow, without requesting Don Quixote’s permission, Rocinante breaks into a lively trot and goes to inform their ladyships of his needs.  But since they are more interested in grazing then in requiting his advances, the pony mares welcome him with their hooves and bite his flanks with their teeth so that his girths snap-off and he is left saddleless and naked.  

Later on in the novel, when Don Quixote sits atop Rocinante with one hand tied to a rope fastened to the bolt of an overhead hay-loft door, Rocinante, being made of flesh-and-blood, caresses a traveling mare who sniffs him, all the while, moving out from under Don Quixote, leaving him dangling in the air in great pain. 

Beatings– Throughout the novel, Rocinante takes a number of beatings.  For instance, when a group of muleteers from Yanguasia see him trying to mount their pony mares they run over to Rocinante, brandish their walking staffs, and give him such a good hiding that they leave him sprawling on the grass.  In another instance, when Don
Quixote is attacked by a chain gang of recently freed convicts, Rocinante is pelted by a hailstorm of rocks with enough force to knock him to the ground.  After this drubbing, Rocinante lays unconscious by Don Quixote’s side, sore-wounded, in a wretched state indeed.  

Cannon Toledo (Character Description)

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Cannon of Toledo

General Description- The Cannon of Toledo first materializes on the road back to La Mancha when Don Quixote is encaged in an oxcart. Gripped by curiosity, the Cannon of Toledo asks the priest “why Don Quixote is being transported so rudely?”  Upon learning that he is imprisoned in an oxcart so that he does not do himself any harm, the Canon wonders why Don Quixote is so different than the normal sort of man.  After a brief conversation, the Cannon and the priest ride ahead of the others to discuss the cause of Don Quixote’s insanity, when it began, and what to do about it.  This talk leads to an action-plan to take him back home to cure his madness.  After the Cannon hears Don Quixote’s backstory, he says that “so-called” books of chivalry are prejudicial to the public good because they are absurd stories, depicting impossible events, without a clear relation between the parts and the whole.  Despite his strictures on tales of chivalry, however, the Cannon finds that “they provide subject matter with which a good intelligence can express itself, describing shipwrecks, storms, skirmishes and battles on a broad and spacious canvas on which the pen can wander freely.”  In fact the Cannon has written more than a hundred pages of his own chivalry book, which incorporates his ideas on what makes for verbal artistry.  As he sees it, since the state of literature in 17thcentury Spain is more fashionable than substantive, the verbal arts are in deep need of fundamental reform.  To correct this shortfall, the Cannon suggests that there should be some sensible person in Madrid to scrutinize all plays before they are performed so that good plays can be discovered and endorsed by the authorities.

Later on, the Cannon arranges for Don Quixote to be freed from his cage (provided that he does not try to escape) so that they can talk freely about life and literature, and what a gentlemen, like him, should, and should not, read.  While the Canon tries to convince Don Quixote to give-up chivalry novels in favor of devotional or historical books, Don Quixote tries to persuade the Cannon that reading about knight errantry is worthwhile because such stories are inspiring, amusing, and instructive.  At the end of their conversation, the Cannon asks the priest to keep him informed about whether Don Quixote recovers from his madness, or not, and if his mind continues to be deranged by chivalry.

Sancho Panza (Character Description)

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Appearance– Sancho Panza has a short body, a plump paunch, long shanks, and a thick, unkept, beard. 

Age– Sancho Panza is in his mid-thirties.   

Occupation– Sancho Panza is a poor country farmer who was a swineherd then a geese keeper later a steward and finally a country beadle.  During his later years, before he squires for Don Quixote, Sancho Panza is a farm laborer.

Family– Sancho Panza comes from a medium sized family consisting of an older brother, who is a priest, a wife, who runs his house, his two children, (Sanchico 15, Sanchita 14) his maternal grandmother, who he often quotes, as well as two wine-connoisseur forebears on his father’s side.  Thus, his nuclear family consists of four people, and his extended family consists of 3 people.  

Practicality– Sancho Panza has a practical sense of what it takes to live in hard-reality.  This is why he: eats out of his saddle-bags to avoid starvation; treats his injuries by mixing poultices; heals his wounds by fastening bandages; avoids jail by paying at inns; and earns money to take care of himself and his family.  What’s more, since Sancho Panza solicits a fixed salary from Don Quixote, and sells a hunting outfit he acquires, he is always looking for ways to make money.  This, in turn, signals his practicality, since it takes money to maintain his house, provide food and clothing for his family, and pay for his children’s education. In brief, Sancho Panza’s desire to earn money is definitely a sign of his practicality.

Glutton– Sancho Panza is prone to excessive eating and drinking binges.  From devouring pies by flowing rivers to stuffing himself with geese and hens at Basilio’s wedding, Sancho Panza eats like there is no tomorrow.  Sancho Panza also likes to drink a lot, since he takes swigs of wine from his leather bottle, sometimes drinking before breakfast.  Though he likes to eat and drink to excess, the Duchess puts Sancho Panza on a restraint enhancing diet during his governorship of Barataria, by assigning him a severe doctor to limit his food and liquid consumption.  Indeed, before taking office, Sancho Panza says that he has never drunk wine to get drunk, but rather drinks intoxicating beverages to not seem choosy, or rude, because, asks Sancho Panza, “what can be more hard hearted, if a friend drinks to your health and one does not drink to his back?”   

Don Quixote (Character Description)

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Appearance– Don Quixote is a tall man with a wrinkled face, long skinny arms, an eagle like nose that is somewhat hooked and graying.  He has a big black droopy mustache to disguise his bony underbite.  Typically, he has a dried-up face, a knotted and grizzled beard, and a brown, stretched neck. 

Age– Don Quixote is 49 years old, which, in the seventeneth century, is old, since the typical life-span back then was 40 years of age. 

Occupation– Since Don Quixote is a nobleman of the lowest rank he derives a small income from his acres of arable land.  Besides having a bit of ready money passed down from his forebears Don Quixote makes a small profit on his vineyards.  When he is not managing his property, which is most of the year, either he hunts boar, to while away the time, or reads chivalry books, as a leisure activity.

Sanity/Insanity– When Don Quixote is in his right mind he talks with good sense and a clear and balanced judgment, which makes people think he is clever, studious, and to the point.  But when he focuses his mind on chivalry he interlards sense and nonsense, reason and unreason, because what he says is coherent, elegant, and well-expressed, yet what he does is absurd, foolhardy, and stupid.  Since he performs mad actions in the worldbut speaks words that dissipate the effects of his deedsmost people think that he is mad, in streaks, complete with lucid intervals.  Unable to decide whether he is more sane than mad or more mad than sane, his examiners conclude that he is a sane man with madness in him, and a mad man with sane tendencies. 

Injuries– Don Quixote’s first injury comes when his ribs are bruised and battered by a muleteer who pounds him with a piece of his broken lance pummeling him until he is well-threshed like the finest chaff.  Then his shoulder is half-dislocated when a windmill’s sails yank him off his horse with enough force to send him rolling over the Montiel plain in a very sore predicament indeed.  Later, half his ear is lopped off by a Basque who sends a large part of his helmet, along with a bloody chunk of his ear, to the ground in hideous ruin. Next, a group of Yanguasian mule carriers pound him with their walking-staffs until he is knocked senseless.  Then a muleteer at a tavern delivers such a terrible punch to Don Quixote’s lantern jaws that his mouth is bathed in blood.  Not content with his opening blow, the muleteer climbs on top of Don Quixote’s ribs and trots up and down from one end to the other until he lays unconscious atop a ruined bed.  To top off his loss of blood, a peace-officer smashes an oil lantern on Don Quixote’s head leaving a good size dent there and raising two sizable lumps as well.  Later, a group of goatherds break two of Don Quixote’s ribs, smash three or four of his teeth, and crush two of his fingers in retaliation for their dead sheep.  Next, a group of convicts fire a hailstorm of rocks at Don Quixote hitting him with enough force to knock him to the ground. Once Don Quixote is down, a student outlaw snatches a barber’s basin from off his head and smashes it three or four times on Don Quixote’s back leaving him in a sorry state indeed. Afterwards, when Don Quixote hurls a loaf of bread at a goatherd’s face, the goatherd climbs on top of Don Quixote and flails away at his face until blood pours from our poor knight’s face. Later, a penitent delivers such a blow to Don Quixote’s sword arm that he smashes his shoulder to smithereens. Next, a snarling cat latches onto Don Quixote’s nose leaving his face riddled with holes.  Then Don Quixote is scorched and singed and hurled to the ground by an exploding wooden horse.  Finally, Don Quixote is stampeded into the mud by a herd of pigs.  Though Don Quixote’s injuries heal over a number of yearssometimes in his own bed and sometimes in the battle fieldit is a wonder that he musters the strength to continue after such numerous and extensive beatings.

Chivalric DelusionsDon Quixote mistakes: inns for castles; windmills for giants; sheeps for armies; wine-filled pigskins for headless giants; black-clad mourners for shadowy enchanters; copper basins for golden helmets; country barbers for warrior knights; simple farm girls for noble damsels; sweat smelling peasants for perfume smelling princesses; wooden horses for flying steeds; air pumping bellows for the earth’s natural wind; water mills for castle fortresses; dinghies for ships; and blanket tossers for enchanted ghosts, to name just a few of his chivalric delusions. 

Family Besides having a twenty two year old niece, Don Quixote has no blood relations to speak of.